One (let's imagine sultry) evening in August 1943, the 6th, to be precise, over two hundred people, so the records say, turned up to the Institute of Archaeology in Regents Park. They were there to hear the opening address of a large-scale two-day conference, ambitiously titled "The Conference on the Future of Archaeology".
I've known about this conference for a good while now, ever since a friend of mine acquired a second-hand copy of the subsequent publication. This publication is a historian's dream, because whoever was taking notes at the conference (let's be honest it was probably one of the many women on staff there) did an outstanding job. So, the publication records not only the speakers at the conference, but also the chairs, the people who offered comments at the end of each session, and other people who later wrote in with their thoughts.
Because this document gives such an amazing snapshot into the world of British archaeology (overseas and domestic) in the midst of war, I've taken it upon myself to give you the programme, arranged in such a manner (courtesy of the conference publication Table of Contents which puts the papers in the order given here) as to reflect a conference lineup, including chairs, speakers, discussants and correspondents. The paper and session titles are as given in the Table of Contents.
Where possible, I have linked to Wikipedia entries for individuals (not all of them have Wikipedia entries). For some, I have found alternative online biographies. Others will have to remain link-less for the time being. Links have been provided once only - the first time a name appears in the text. Thanks to the power of Twitter, I've had help from various colleagues to ensure that nearly all of the women whose names are recorded in the publication have first and last names, making them (I hope) easier to trace in future.
I have made a few changes to the names as listed in the conference publication. Frequently I have included first names (or at least the names individuals commonly used) – the programme tends only to include initials and last names for men, and titles and last names (or married names) for women. Where possible I have included maiden names (in parenthesis) for married women. I have also put affiliations as they are listed in the programme. These reflect the affiliations applicable to speakers and chairs at the time of the conference.
Most of the sessions were followed by discussions. These were recorded after the end of the abridged conference papers in the publication – I have listed the names of the "Discussants" after each session where they are given. The publication also included extracts from letters from people who were unable to attend (due to war-related duties overseas, for example) so these "Correspondents" I have listed underneath discussants.
For more information on the conference, please see Gabriel Moshenska's article in Archaeology International.
Charles Peers (University of London) - Opening Address
Grahame Clark (Cambridge) -" The Contribution of Archaeology to the Post-War World"
Session 1: "The Future of Discovery: Archaeology at Home"
Chair: AW Clapham (Society of Antiquaries)
Christopher Hawkes (British Museum) – "Prehistoric Archaeology"
Ian Richmond (Durham) –"Romano-British Archaeology"
TD Kendrick (British Museum) – "Mediaeval Archaeology"
Discussants: John Linton Myres, Dina (Portway) Dobson, Marjorie Venables Taylor, Mr Glendenning, EC Curwen, Mr Hockheimer, N. Bradfer Lawrence, Jacquetta (Hopkins) Hawkes, Mr Bromhead, Margaret Murray, WF Grimes, Kathleen Kenyon, Kenneth Oakley, H St George Gray, Cyril Fox
Correspondents: CH Desch, AHA Hogg
Session 2: "The Unity of Archaeology"
Chair: Gertrude Caton-Thompson (Prehistoric Society)
Gordon Childe (Edinburgh)
Session 3: "The Future of Archaeology: Archaeology Overseas"
Chair: John Winter Crowfoot (British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem)
John Linton Myres (Oxford/British School at Athens) – "Greek and Roman Archaeology"
Claude Schaeffer (French National Museum) – "Syrian, Palestinian and Turkish Archaeology"
Ernest Mackay (Independent Excavation Director) – "The Archaeology of Iraq, Baluchistan and India"
HAR Gibb (Oxford) – "Islamic Archaeology"
Discussants: Kathleen Kenyon, CFA Schaeffer, OGS Crawford, Olga Tufnell, Hilda Lorimer, Mr Bushnell, Leonard Woolley, Mr Shuttleworth, Norman Baynes, Gordon Childe, AW Lawrence, Dorothy (Simmons) Mackay
Correspondents: Guy Brunton, Hilda Lorimer, George Kirk
Session 4: "The Training of Archaeologists"
Chair: Gordon Childe (Edinburgh)
Kathleen Kenyon (University of London) – "Training for Field Work"
John D. Beazley (Oxford) – "University Training"
DB Harden (Ashmolean Museum) – "Training in Interpretation and Presentation"
Frederick Zeuner (University of London) – "Training in the Subsidiary Sciences"
Discussants: Margaret Murray, Margaret Whinney, ND Lacaille, Claude Schaeffer, Edith Stiassna [Stiassny], Sylvia Benton, Margot Eates, Alexander Keiller, Kathleen Kenyon, Aileen (Henderson) Fox
Correspondents: AHA Hogg
Session 5: "Records and Discovery – Local and National"
Chair: TD Kendrick (British Museum)
Cyril Fox (National Museum of Wales)
Discussants: H St George Gray, Agnes (Conway) Horsfield, WF Grimes, John Linton Myres, Christopher Hawkes, EC Curwen, Mr Swede, Mary (Kitson-Clark) Chitty, Cyril Fox
Session 6: "Planning and the Independence of Societies"
Chair: Frederick Kenyon (British Academy)
John Nowell Linton Myres (Oxford) – "The Need for Planning"
H St George Gray (Somerset County Museum) - "Societies Working at Home"
Alan Gardiner (Egypt Exploration Society) – "Societies Working Overseas"
Discussants: Grahame Clark, Margaret Whitley, Mr Turner, Phoebe Keef, Mr Faulkner, Joan du Plat Taylor, Margaret Murray, Mary (Kitson-Clark) Chitty, Claude Schaeffer, Miss M. E. Shaw, Jacquetta (Hopkins) Hawkes, Dorothy (Simmons) Mackay
Correspondents: CFA Schaeffer
Session 7: "Archaeology and the State at Home"
Chair: OGS Crawford (Ordnance Survey Department)
WF Grimes (Ordnance Survey Department)
Discussants: Claude Schaeffer, Elise (Goldschmidt) Baumgartel, Mr Dunning, Mr Glendenning, Dr Clark, Kathleen Kenyon, OGS Crawford, Peter Shinnie
Session 8: "Archaeology and the State Overseas"
Chair: John Linton Myres (Oxford/British School at Athens)
Leonard Woolley (Independent Excavations Director)
Discussants: JH Iliffe, AJ Arkell, Seton Lloyd, Kathleen Kenyon, Alan Gardiner, Mr Swede, Dr le May, Gertrude Caton-Thompson, CFA Schaeffer, Frederic Kenyon
Session 9: "Museums and the Public"
Chair: DA Allan (Liverpool Public Museums/Museums Association)
Christopher Hawkes (British Museum) – "National Museums"
FS Wallis (Bristol Museum and Art Gallery) – "Other Museums"
Discussants: Jacqueline Tyrwhitt, Norman Baynes, Fritz Saxl, WF Grimes, Mary (Kitson-Clark) Chitty
Correspondents: Stuart Piggott
Session 10: "Archaeology and Education"
Chair: Janet Ruth Bacon (Royal Holloway)
Dina (Portway) Dobson (Independent Scholar) – "Elementary Schools"
Philip Corder (Verulamium Museum/Society of Antiquaries) – "Secondary and Public Schools"
Henry Theodore Wade Gery (Oxford) - "Universities – Oxford"
DS Robertson (Cambridge) – "Universities – Cambridge"
WJ Varley (Liverpool) – "Universities – Other"
Mary (Kitson-Clark) Chitty (Yorkshire Museum/Yorkshire Archaeological Society/Hull) – "Adult Education"
Correspondents: Beatrice de Cardi, Stuart Piggott
Chair: Harold Claughton (University of London)
Cyril Fox (National Museum of Wales)